Aromatic Hydrocarbon Makes Our Life Colorful and Beautiful
Petroleum is a complex mixture of different boiling point fractions. The crude oil can be divided into several fractions according to the different boiling points of different fractions: gasoline fraction, kerosene fraction, light diesel oil fraction, heavy diesel oil fraction and lubricating oil fraction.
Extraction is a unit operation that is used to separate mixtures. And the separation theory is that the solute has different solubilities in different solvents. In other words, extraction removes the solute from one solvent to another solvent. And extraction is a physical process. Extraction is widely used in chemistry, metallurgy, food and other fields, especially in petroleum refining industry.
Succinonitrile is often used as an organic solvent that is used to extract the aromatic hydrocarbon from the petroleum fraction. Namely, succinonitrile removes aromatic hydrocarbon from the petroleum fraction into itself. And you can get aromatic hydrocarbon from succinonitrile.
Aromatic hydrocarbon has very wide application in many fields of our daily life. Benzene, a type of aromatic hydrocarbon, is important raw material of organic compounds. Benzene is used to make phenol, nitrobenzene, aniline, cyclohexane, styrene and other organic substances. And these organic substances are widely used to manufacture synthetic resins, synthetic fiber, synthetic plastic, dyestuff, medicine, detergent, explosive and so on.
Benzene stick figure.
Aromatic hydrocarbon can be used to make synthetic resin.
Aromatic hydrocarbon can be used to manufacture synthetic fiber.
Aromatic hydrocarbon can be used to manufacture synthetic plastic, which is widely used in our daily life.
Aromatic hydrocarbon can be used to make dyestuffs, which make the world beautiful and colorful.
Aromatic hydrocarbon can be used to make medicine.
Aromatic hydrocarbon can be used to manufacture detergent, which makes clothes clean.
Aromatic hydrocarbon can be used to manufacture explosive, which is used in wars.